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Andrewsarchus mongoliensis

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Andrewsarchus mongoliensis
Andrewsarchus mongoliensis is an ancient and enigmatic carnivorous mammal that lived in what is now Asia during the Eocene period, approximately 45 million years ago. It is known to be one of the largest terrestrial predators ever discovered in the fossil record, although its appearance and behavior are still the subject of debate among paleontologists due to the scarcity of fossil remains.

The name Andrewsarchus pays tribute to paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews, who led the expedition in which the first fossil was found in Mongolia in the 1920s. Despite its historical importance, Andrewsarchus fossils are fragmentary, which has led to speculations and reconstructions based on limited data.

The most notable characteristic of Andrewsarchus is its size, which is estimated to be around 4 meters high at the withers and up to 5 meters in length, which would make it a giant predatory mammal. It is believed to have had a large, elongated and powerful skull, with sharp teeth suggesting a carnivorous diet. However, the exact shape of its skull and its eating habits are still a matter of debate.

Some reconstructions depict it as a large predator that fed on prey such as primitive ungulates or even carrion, while other theories suggest that it could have been an omnivore that ate a varied diet, including plants and meat.

Approximate measurements of Andrewsarchus:
  • Scale 1:35 - 125 mm