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Edaphosaurus pogonias

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Edaphosaurus pogonias
The Edaphosaurus pogonias was a fascinating creature that inhabited the Earth during the Permian period, around 299 to 272 million years ago. It was a terrestrial reptile belonging to the pelycosaur group, characterized by its large size and a distinctive feature: a tall sail on its back. This sail was the result of a series of elongated bony structures that projected from the vertebrae and were covered by skin. Although its exact function is unknown, it is believed that it could have been involved in thermal regulation, energy storage, or even visual display to communicate with other individuals of its species.

Edaphosaurus pogonias had a relatively stocky body, strong legs, and a quadrupedal stance, suggesting that it spent most of its time walking on dry land. Its head was small in comparison to its body and equipped with simple teeth adapted for a herbivorous diet, indicating that it ate primarily on plants and vegetation. In addition, its scientific name "pogonia" refers to the beard-like structure that protruded from its chin, although its exact function is also a matter of speculation.

The Edaphosaurus pogonias would have lived in a forest and wetland environment during the early and middle Permian, coexisting with other animals and reptiles of the time. Their size could vary considerably, with some individuals reaching lengths of up to 3 meters or more. Despite its imposing appearance, it was probably a cold-blooded animal that relied heavily on environmental temperature to regulate its metabolism.

The disappearance of the Edaphosaurus pogonias and other animals from the middle Permian is partly attributed to catastrophic events that marked the end of the Permian period, such as the mass extinction that ushered in the Triassic period. These drastic environmental changes, which included intensified volcanic activity and climate change, had a significant impact on life on Earth, leading to the extinction of many species, including the Edaphosaurus pogonias.

Approximate measurements of the Edaphosaurus:
  • 1:35 scale - 85mm